Quick Facts

Human Trafficking Defined

Under U.S. law, trafficking in persons is defined as “sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age;” or “the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.”

Human Trafficking in Michigan

  • The term Human trafficking includes domestic activity where little or no transportation is required. It is a modern-day form of slavery, widespread throughout the United States and occurs right here in Michigan.
  • There were 94 federal cases of human trafficking and 100 state cases of human trafficking in the tri-county area (Wayne, Oakland and Macomb) in 2013 and 2014. Michigan State Police
  • Michigan’s proximity to the Canadian border and waterways increases the likelihood of trafficking in the state. The Hope Project
  • Michigan has had cases of traffickers prostituting minors to Michigan truck stops and then over to hotels in Toledo. Federal Bureau of Investigation (See also: Truckers Against Trafficking
  • Toledo has been ranked as the 4th largest city in the U.S. for human trafficking. Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • Cities in Michigan with the most calls received by the National Human Trafficking Resource Center and reported by The Polaris Project include:
    • Detroit
    • Grand Rapids
    • Ann Arbor
    • Kalamazoo
    • Lansing
    • Mackinac Island
  • Major gatherings of people, such as the North American International Auto Show, and major sporting events like the Super Bowl are prime targets for human trafficking. Michigan Rescue and Restore Coalition
  • In of March 2015, Michigan was ranked No. 2 for human trafficking sex trade behind only Nevada
  • The State of Michigan, for understanding, managing and combating the issue of trafficking, has made great strides since 2014, having moved from a grade of F to a grade of B in 2015 Shared Hope International Protected Innocence Challenge
  • There are no long-term comprehensive programs designed to aide rescued women in need of healing and restoration from the trauma of human trafficking in Southeast Michigan

Human Trafficking Around the Globe

  • Human Trafficking has been reported in all 50 states and at least 161 countries
  • The International Labor Organization estimates that forced labor and human trafficking is a $150 billion industry worldwide
  • The current average cost of a slave around the world is estimated at $90. Kevin Bales
  • 2.4 million people across the globe are victims of human trafficking at any one time
  • As many as 17,500 people are trafficked into the United States annually. About half are minors. 80 percent of them are being exploited as sexual slaves. U.S. State Department, 2005
  • An estimated 1 out of 6 endangered runaways reported to the NCMEC were likely child sex trafficking victims. Of those, 68% were in the care of social services or foster care when they ran.U.S. State Department.

More: Human Trafficking by the numbers